WHAT IS KEYMAN TAKAFUL.
Most of us are familiar with how the life TAKAFUL policy of a family’s breadwinner helps out in case of his/her untimely demise. However, the fact that life TAKAFUL can play a similar role, in the form of Keyman TAKAFUL, for businesses is not so well known.
What is Keyman TAKAFUL or Business Takaful used for?
Keyman TAKAFUL helps a business recover from the loss of its valuable assets viz the persons who run it and/or own it. Individual talents are becoming critical to the success of many companies and employees are also becoming an important factor in investors’ valuation of the entities.
Every business has at least a few very valuable employees who contribute significantly to the running and growth of the company. It makes sense to insure against the unfortunate event of their untimely demise. demise. This is because the company may face business/financial loss in case of sudden death of such valuable employees. It is here that Keyman TAKAFUL comes into play.
Keyman TAKAFUL can be defined as an TAKAFUL policy where the proposer as well as the premium payer is the employer, the life to be insured is that of the same employer’s key employee (Keyman) and the benefit, in case of a claim, goes to the employer. The `Keyman’ here can be any employee, having a special skill set or substantial responsibilities, who contributes significantly to the profits of that organization. It is not a special plan of TAKAFUL but just application of life TAKAFUL to fulfill a special need.
The object of Keyman TAKAFUL is to cover the life of a Keyman for a monetary value so that in case of untimely death of such Keyman, the loss to the firm is recouped with monetary assistance (insured amount) received from the TAKAFUL company. As the name implies, the ‘key person’ is the key to the business’ success; without him or her, the company would stumble.
Keyman includes a key-woman also and there can be more than one Keyman in a company. Keyman TAKAFUL can also be used to cover the partners in a partnership firm
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What happens if a Keyman quits the company to join another?
The first employer, who has bought the Keyman policy, can choose any one of the following options.
1. The first company (employer) can stop paying the premiums and allow the policy to lapse. 2. It may continue paying the premiums and collect the proceeds on a claim arising. 3. The policy could be transferred to the new employer of the Keyman on terms mutually agreed upon by both the companies. 4. It can be assigned in favour of the life assured / keyman
Basic eligibility requirements for Keyman TAKAFUL
Basic conditions required to be fulfilled in order to buy a Keyman policy from an TAKAFUL company include:
1. The ‘key-man’ should hold less than 51% of the company’s shares. 2. The total number of shares of the company held by the Keyman and his family together should be less than 70% of the company’s shares. 3. Some proof of the critical role that the proposed life (the Keyman) plays in the business of the company, is required.
The maximum sum assured for Keyman TAKAFUL is lower of:
1. Ten times the keyman’s annual compensation package.
2. Three times the average gross profit of the company for the past three years.
3. Five times the average net profit for the past 3 years.
Keyman TAKAFUL is normally not issued if a company’s profit or turnover is declining unless there are very special circumstances. Factors like age limit and coverage term varies from one TAKAFUL company to another.
Benefits of Keyman TAKAFUL to the company
1. It protects against business risk in the event of unfortunate death of the key person.
2. The morale of the key employee is boosted. He/she feels important. The sense of belonging increases productivity and helps in retention of the key employee.
3. It helps in keeping the market price of the company’s shares stable in case of death of the keyman. If the keyman dies the price of the company’s shares is likely to fall but if the investors know that any financial loss can be made up through the TAKAFUL proceeds, they may not start offloading the shares immediately.
4. It protects the company’s valuation. For example, in case of the company being put up for sale, prospective buyers are likely to put a higher value to the company if they know that it has a monetary back-up (TAKAFUL) to meet the cost of replacement of its key person.